Health

Health

What is okved necessary for?

You have passed the registration of the enterprise, organization, or registered as a PI in the tax authority. Now you need to contact the State Statistics Service to get the codes. Why do you ask it, the codes are listed in the statement? The answer to this and other questions we have tried to disclose in this article. Okved became a part of the RF standardization system. The classifications in okved are intended for objects subdivided into types of economic activity with their coding, and the okved codes are used in the following tasks: Classification and coding tasks, definition of the enterprise activity type and Assigning the relevant code in the State Register of enterprises, monitoring of State statistics, preparation of statistical information, solving analytical problems. The code contains between two and six digits of economic activity. The classifier of okved does not subdivide the objects of economic activity in the form of ownership, organizational and legal form, departmental subordination, there is no difference between foreign and domestic trade, and there is no difference between the types of Economic activity of the institution, enterprise, organization. The codes of okved are intended to show directions of activity of the Organization, enterprises, they specify the code of Okato, which is important for realization of some payments, the code of Oksoftware, being for statistics the same, that tin and OGRN, in other cases without statistics codes You cannot obtain a license or permission. The codes of statistics should be updated in case if the enterprise is directed on realization of foreign economic activity, participates in a tender or in customs operations. This should be done at least once every six months. What does economic activity include? These are, first of all, resources: equipment, technologies, labor force, energy, information resources, materials, raw materials, which are combined in the production process, the ultimate goal of which is production and output. Now we'll figure out how and when to assign okved, depending on your immediate Activity as a PI or an organization. The codes are assigned when you first: Pass the primary registration of your organization; Secondly: you have decided to amend the documents constituent or in the case of change of manager; Thirdly: change the type of activity; Fourthly: Simply update the okved codes for today's date, this may require customs as one of the options. In all these cases, you must assign codes. Consider these points in more detail. 1.) Once you have completed the registration, in the statistics body you provide: Certificate of state. Registration, Certificate of filing in the Tax inspectorate, extract from the Egrul. After that, after a certain time the state Statistics Service will assign and give you the codes of okved corresponding to those to be specified in the statement. 2.) After the registration of changes in the constituent documents or the change of Director (CEO) in their tax inspectorate, you are also required to assign the updated okved. At the same time you provide:-For LLC: Extract from Egrul, certificate of state. Registration, Certificate of state. Registration of changes, tin, as well as the latest codes of okved; -For JSC and JSC: The same and extract from the Register of shareholders with the date of submission of documents for the assignment of codes; -For individual entrepreneurs: Certificate of State. Registration of changes, tax code, latest statistics, extract from the Egrip. 3.) After making a change in the composition of the assigned codes, in particular because of the fact that the type of activity of the enterprise should be provided: a copy of the certificate of State. Registration, Tin, the last letter of information and attribution of okved codes, an extract from the Egrul, for CJSC and OJSC the extract from the Register of shareholders with today's date is necessary. 4.) When confirming the statistics codes, the following documents are required: State certificate. Registration, Tin, the last letter of information about attribution of codes of statistics, for CJSC and OJSC the extract from the Register of shareholders is necessary for today....

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Balcony and loggias glazing

Glazing of balconies and loggias will allow to protect habitation from unfavorable external weather conditions (wind and precipitation) and prevent penetration of noise and street dust. This is also a great way to increase the usable space of small apartments. Plastic windows, used in such cases, provide a guarantee of sound and thermal insulation at the proper level. Balcony glazing is performed in two ways: cold and warm. The cold glazing option involves the installation of an aluminium profile with one glass. This type of glazing protects the balcony and the loggia from wind, rain and dust penetration, but the heat-insulating properties, at the same time, extremely low: the air temperature in the room is increased by only 3-4 OC, which is not a significant indicator. Very popular today is the option of sliding window structures, thanks to which the useful area of the balcony is significantly saved. PVC profiles or aluminium profiles are used for a warm glazing type. Plastic (PVC) Windows provide the room with reliable thermal insulation, safety and sound insulation. But, in such windows where there is no self-ventilation, because of temperature difference, there is a condensate. In such cases, professionals advise to install a supply valve that will ventilate the window automatically. The cost of glazing balconies plastic will cost more than aluminum. The proposals of firms offering to produce quality work at a low price should be carefully considered. For such questionable savings, you may have to pay extra, and this can significantly exceed the reasonable price. A very real and quite convenient option can be a loan or payment in installments....

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Health

Folk remedies in the treatment of sores

Since ancient times, when there were no modern methods of treatment, people were treated with folk remedies. There are many ways to treat this disease. Here are some of them. • An excellent tanning and antiseptic means is oak bark. It is necessary to steam it with boiling water and to leave on night to insist. The received broth to make Primoki and compresses. • For 50 grams of carrots and raw potatoes grated on a fine grater, mix with honey (1 teaspoon). Apply the resulting mixture on a napkin of gauze and put it to the affected place, at 1 o'clock, 2-3 times a day. • Finely cut the 2 heads of the regular onion and pour into the enameled pan. Add 2 art. L. vegetable oil and boil for 20 minutes (on very small heat). After the onion becomes golden, select it, and in a saucepan with the remaining mixture melt & #188; Part of the Church candle. The received ointment should be greased places of sores on a body 2 times a day. Keep the ointment recommended in the refrigerator. • 50 grams of seeds of yellow (overripe) cucumber pour 100 milliliters of alcohol (you can vodka-200 ml) and insist in a warm place for 15 days. Strain. Can be used for tampons, irrigation or bandages at bed sores. • For the treatment of long non-healing sores and water infusions of marigold flowers, they provide wound healing, anti-inflammatory and calming effect. 2 hours of flowers of this plant pour boiling water (2 glasses). After 15-minute infusion-strain. take on & #189; glasses, 4 times a day – before meals. The received infusion use for washing of bedsores, and also, impregnate with them napkins for bandages. At extensive sores it is possible to apply directly to wounds fresh-crushed leaves of calendula. • In 50 gr. Melted on a water bath fat (beef, chicken, pork or butter) to pour 1st. L. The powdered calendula flower and stir thoroughly. Cool. Lubricate the skin in places of defeat 2 times a day. • Finely chopped plantain mix with honey (in equal quantities), boil on a small fire, insist and lubricate the diseased skin with the mixture. Useful three times a day to eat a mixture of tea spoon. • Oil Sea Buckthorn, Rosehip, ointment, prepared on the basis of old aloe leaves-accelerate the healing process of sores. Important! When using different folk remedies, you should consult with your doctor, as there may be contra-indications....

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Health

AIDS Cure found?

Received a message from the Urals. Local scientists invented a drug that could "wash out" hepatitis C from the human body within 30 days. In the course of practical studies, the new drug has completely removed some of the most severe patients, even HIV. But this is only the initial stage of drug testing. If this information is fully confirmed, it will be one of the great discoveries (over the last 50 years) in the history of Russian medicine. This medicine has been developed since the Times of the Soviet Union (1987). If everything is confirmed, the drug can go on sale next year.
' A correspondent member of the Raen, the discovery of this drug happened quite accidentally.  Under the supervision of doctors were several patients who suffered from HIV and hepatitis C. It was decided to treat these patients profetalem. A month later the doctors themselves were amazed. The number of antibodies decreased by 100 times in the blood. The cost of a monthly treatment with a new drug only 45,000 rubles, and if added to the interferon-the price rises to 70,000 rubles. For comparison, let's say that today physicians of Russia treat hepatitis C for a whole year, and the cost of such treatment is approximately 2 mln. Rubles....

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Health

Balcony and loggias glazing

In modern living conditions, when almost every apartment has a weather station Petersburg, a balcony or loggia perform a very different role than they had only a few years ago. For a long time they ceased to replace the pantry, where kept all unused, as well as used in everyday things, and turned into a continuation of the apartment, became its recreation area. This is the purpose for them was originally conceived by architects. Decorating a balcony or loggia now-one of the main types of work included in the overhaul of the apartment, although in order to give them a cozy and elegant look, it is not necessary to wait for the time to do the repair of the entire apartment.
The main task, which must be solved when decorating a balcony or loggia-is the creation of an optimal microclimate, as well as comfortable and favorable living conditions. Moreover, with the help of furnish the premise protects from penetration of noise from the street, Dust or precipitation, improve thermal insulation. Since the balcony or loggia moved outside the apartment, that is, they are its external component, the main role in the decoration is given to their glazing. Today the glazing of loggias and balconies can be divided into "cold" and "warm". If the main purpose of glazing is to protect a loggia or a balcony from snow, rain and dust, usual glazing is usually used, if it is necessary to increase the level of thermal insulation, the installation of plastic windows is applied.
Ordinary glazing means all well-known wooden frames or aluminium with ordinary glasses. The entire perimeter of the loggia or balcony is fitted with either frames with blind or opening shutters or sliding structures, which the single glass is inserted. This type of window frame installation, as well as rodent repeller, will become a reliable protection of the premises. Precipitation, noise, dust will not be able to penetrate inside, however, in our climate it will not contribute to the increase in heat insulation, and certainly not suitable in the event that the room balcony or loggia is planned to use in winter.
In the case you want to turn a balcony into a room, you can achieve this only by installing plastic windows, which reduce the heat loss several times due to their structural properties, as well as technical characteristics.
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Health

1. Adult Diarrhea Medications

diarrhea, or in scientific, diarrhea in adults can be of nutritional character (stool thinning and frequent bowel movement, due to the use of conventional food, such as fresh fermented milk products, or fruit and vegetables rich in fiber), and May be a sign of disease: failure in the secretion of enzymes, infection helminthes, rotavirus infection, poisoning stale products. After establishing the origin of diarrhea, the doctor prescribes appropriate medications for diarrhea for adults, which are different in their influence. Imodium or loperamide have a rapid protivodiareynoe action, in fact they stop diarrhea, but this effect is good only in the case of 100% confidence in the absence of infection. Preparations bismuth, Almagel, Vikalin, kaolin, Vicairo, activated carbon, sorbecks and other obwolakiwate and adsorber substances, always available in the pharmacy Pharmexpanse, used to reduce the painful irritation of mucous membranes, caused by diarrhea, bonding and excretion of toxic agents. Linex, Hilak-Forte, Bifiform, Lactobacillus-auxiliary medicines from diarrhea for adults, designate to restore healthy microflora. 2. Medications for diarrhea for children diarrhoea is a frequent nuisance in a child's life. With the seeming emptiness of this phenomenon, diarrhea in children can pose a direct threat to life. Therefore, only an experienced doctor chooses the medicines for the children's diarrhea, taking into account the laboratory tests. The smaller the child, the more dangerous it can be the consequences of diarrhea in the form of intoxication, dehydration and the disturbance of microflora. To eliminate and prevent dehydration widely used drug regidron. To remove the effect of irritation of mucous membranes and excretion of toxic substances are used broth blueberries, infusion chamomile and other medicinal herbs and fees, knitting and antiseptic effects, a wide range of which is presented in the pharmacy Pharmaceutical space. Medications for diarrhea for children, such as Imodium, Almagel, Vicairo, activated carbon, Espumizan, Lacobacterium, Bifidumbacterin, used in the complex and as directed by a doctor, strictly Following the recommended doses. Especially important is the use of drugs like yogurt, bifiform, Bacteriopaga, Narin, in cases where the treatment of drugs-antibiotics, destroying the intestinal microflora. Acidious and non-hot herbal teas are also useful. 3. Diarrhea medications-a common form of digestive disorders in adults and children, which may be caused by infection or be alimentary (depending on the consumption of foods that strengthen the evacuation function of the intestine) . In any case, diarrhea requires treatment because its prolonged form leads to dehydration and depletion of the body. In Pharmexpanse Pharmacy, you can always order medications from diarrhea, which are prescribed by a doctor, depending on the reasons that caused it. Loperamide or Imodium have the property to quickly suspend diarrhea, so they are recommended in cases of diarrhea caused by the use of conventional benign foods rich in ballast substances. Antibiotics are prescribed as emergency care in cases of severe poisoning caused by an infection of different origins. It is necessary to remember that apply this group of medicines from diarrhea, strictly following the appointed scheme of treatment and in a complex with preparations restoring usual, peculiar to an organism, intestines flora. To prevent dehydration of the body, caused by diarrhea, consume abundant drink: solution Regidron, mineral water, herbal teas. 4 Heart medications Heart disorders related to stress and unhealthy lifestyles have become a sign of modernity. Disturbing signals coming from the heart, people are often confused with bouts of gastric and caused by osteochondrosis of the spine, without giving the value, testifying to the development of coronary heart disease, the pain of the Grudyina. While our heart is constantly in need of increased quality nutrition and oxygen intake, vascular disorders lead to disruptions in the supply of this essential organ. Medications for the heart-it is, first of all, Aspekard, Acgrenox, Aspirin-cardio, gemaza, tincture of Hawthorn, used as a prevention of thrombosis of vessels (which in turn reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke). The supporting drugs for the heart are: Valdol, Asparkam, Valalokardin, Korvaltaab, Vasokardine, Anpriolin, Veropamil, Valerian, Amokordin, kurantil and other drugs stimulating cardiac activity, which can be purchased At the lowest prices in Pharmexpanse pharmacy. In all variety of heart remedies can orient only an experienced doctor, who will prescribe individually, suitable only to you, medications and treatment regimen. 5 Medications for hemorrhoids hemorrhoids – vein disease, accompanied by the formation of inflamed knots in the posterior passage, causing not only excruciating pain, but also, in neglected cases, threatening the development of anemia, thrombosis and necrosis of the hemorrhoid node . Risk factors for the development of the disease is prolonged or chronic constipation, sedentary lifestyle, improper diet, excessive physical exertion. Medications for hemorrhoids are divided into drugs of local and systemic impact. Drugs from hemorrhoids in the form of ointments, candles and gels containing painkillers, relieving itching, stopping bleeding components are used locally. In pharmacy Farmspace can be ordered drug Proctsediil, Gekopombin G, Proctozan, Relic, Proto-Glivenol, Possterizan (in the form of ointments and candles). Also locally applied suppositories: Ichthyol, Anuzol, beautiful extract, Betiool, ruthes. You can use ointments hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids. Systemic action has a drug caffeine, which is available in capsules for ingestion and in the form of a clear gel for local use. In inflammation and bleeding used inside infusions of medicinal herbs: horsetail, nettle, cucumber grass, Grass mokrtsy (Starchatki). 6 Kidney stone cures urolithiasis is caused by various dietary factors, such as the use of hard water, infectious diseases, poisoning, etc. Kidney stones are one of the most painful conditions causing difficulty in urination and a sensation of pulling pain in the lumbar region. Usually to relieve the suffering of the patient, the doctor appoints a complex treatment, which includes medication therapy, massage, physioprocedures. Kidney stone Medications are a group of painkillers, Anti-inflammatory, spasmololytic, diuretic means, most often, plant origin. The treatment regimen also includes sedatives and protivogiminnye means, as well as vitamin preparations (b, K, E). Painkillers from kidney stones are considered to be no-SHPA, Analgin. In Pharmexpanse pharmacy you can buy inexpensive and effective preparations of vegetable raw materials: sheet of Tolknanyanka, Sporysh, corn red, seeds of parsley, a sheet of birch, seeds of anise, juniper fruits, flowers of a lily of the valley. Besides, it is possible to choose ready herbal charges with the instruction on preparation of a medicinal infusion, cupping a kidney colic and providing anti-inflammatory effect. 7 Medications for kidney inflammation of the kidneys is a group of diseases of acute and chronic nature, such as nephritis, Pyelonephritis, Glomerulonephritis. The defeat of such an important organ as a kidney, occurs, most often, due to complications of colds and infectious diseases, non-compliance with drinking regime, abuse of acute and salty food, alcohol. Painful sensations in the area of the waist, increase of body temperature, chills, problems with urination-this is a serious reason to consult a doctor who prescribe the right treatment. Medicines for the kidneys, available in pharmacy pharmexpanse, are usually of vegetable origin. It is a medicinal gathering on the basis of a grass of a Highlander bird, a sheet of a taloknyanka, a cranberry leaf, seeds of anise and parsley, a corn-fish, a horsetail of a field, a rosehip. It is useful as a medicine for kidneys of parsley root decoction and cranberry juice. Pill drugs used in urology-it's 5nok, Furadnin, Furadilol. of antibiotics, with kidney infections, most often designate norfloxacin and biseptol. For the elimination of painful sensations used Analgin, baralgin, tablets no-shpa. In the process of kidney care, it is important to provide abundant drinking, but the mineral water of a special medical composition, is applied exclusively to the doctor's prescription! 8 Arthritis medications-or inflammation of the joints, may have different localization and occur, as a result of trauma, and because of infection. Infectious arthritis is treated with the appointment of antimicrobial Drugs or antibiotics depending on the type of infection.
suppression of cartilage tissue, for its treatment designate ointments of local action, relieving pain (Dicklac, Diclophenac). For internal use prescribed pill drugs for arthritis: ibuprofen, indicide, Brafen, Orthofen, Voltaren. To reduce Painful phenomena also used inside Suprastin, Diazolin and Diedrol. Rheumatic arthritis (not to be confused with rheumatoid!), by the expression of a glorified professor, licks the joints and bites the heart. Therapy is aimed at the treatment of rheumatism, which is prescribed: penicillin, aspirin, ibuprofen, indometacin, Indicide. By healing rheumatism, joint pains pass, and heart defect, unfortunately, remains. Rheumatoid arthritis requires complex therapy to increase immunity and eliminate infection. At the same time prescribe medications for arthritis: ibuprofen, Orthofen, Voltaren, Diclophenac, Diclofen, Brafen, Indicide, Delisil, Aspirin, Rezokhin, azathioprine, prednisone, which can be ordered in pharmacy Pharmexpanse. 9 Medications for prostate adenoma of the prostate-benign overgrowth of glandular tissue, leading to the disruption of urination in men, usually elderly. This disease significantly impairs the quality of life due to f...

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Laser peeling

Skin aging is a big problem for both women and men. Everyday problems, vanity, stress negatively affect the skin and contribute to the loss of healthy color, the early appearance of sagging, wrinkles and lack of tone. Different people try to solve this problem in different ways: some use rejuvenating creams and masks, others prefer plastic surgeries. But all these tools do not help to return the skin vitality and elasticity. One of the safest and most effective ways to cope with these problems is laser peeling or, in other way, laser resurfacing of the skin. The procedure is fast and painless, and the result is noticeable after several visits. The effect of such peeling is based on the fact that the laser beam, vaporating the upper layer of the skin, consisting of dead cells, contributes to its rapid regeneration. The skin cells are completely updated. In addition, the laser beam stimulates the generation of collagen fibers, which make the skin elastic and elastic, that is, besides the update, there is a simultaneous facelift. Unique laser technology allows you to apply it for delicate, delicate skin. Peeling will help to eliminate wrinkles, "goose legs", skin defects in the decollete, forehead, neck, upper lip, hands, as well as defects, remaining from previous operations. These procedures are recommended by specialists after 30 years. There are some contraindications to the laser peeling: pregnancy and breast-feeding, exacerbation of chronic diseases, inflammation on the skin and diabetes mellitus....

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Health

Ski resorts in France-a guarantee of European service and

Comfort since the 60s of the last century, France has paid great attention to the development of alpine skiing and tourism. A large number of different resorts and sports complexes of this country meet all modern quality requirements, equipped according to modern standards. More than a million tourists and sportsmen come to the ski resorts of France every year. The slopes of the Alps are able to give not only skiing, but also other winter sports, known today. France is famous all over the world level of ski recreation, not without reason the Alps of France did not once become the center of the Winter Olympic Games. Today, French ski tours are an opportunity to visit La Plagne, Chamonix, Esspas Kili, etc. The resorts are equipped with modern lifting devices, every day the mountain slopes are serviced by trained and professional staff, the doors of schools for future and already held skiers are open all year round. Children also have the opportunity to be trained by instructors who speak several languages, including Russian. Tours to the resorts of Val Topens, Meribel and Courchevel are extremely popular. Skiing enthusiasts from all over the world come here. And the French themselves belong to the ardent fans of this sport, as a result, a holiday with the whole family in the mountains during the Christmas holidays-it is quite common. Due to the great popularity French ski resorts, you must knowingly purchase a tour.
The resorts of Meiev and Les Arcs are the elite of France. Here, in addition to the traditional French magnificent ski runs and service at a high level, for visitors prepared shows-programs of luxury and exquisite performances and entertainment. Winter climate Here Rather severe, so the attribute of the tourist as a bag-refrigerator becomes unnecessary, and replaces it comes thermos for hot tea or other drinks that can warm in the winter. It is because of the flexible policy pursued by the organizers of the tourist and resort business in France, Ski entertainment and resorts are available not only for a certain category of people with a thick purse. To date, the opportunity to rest in the resorts, located on the most famous slopes of the Alps, there are people of different incomes. It should be noted that at the same time neither the level of service, nor the quality of equipment slopes of mountains does not suffer, it remains at the traditional French level. Many places of rest besides favourite all skating on snowboards and skis, have in the program the offer on participation in health-improving programs including thermal baths, massage, saunas and many of the known for today curative procedures for To maintain health. An interesting novelty is a bath with mineral water and beer, which produce their own mini brewery. This procedure is particularly popular with male tourists visiting this country.
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Eucalyptus-based oil is a great helper for your beauty and

Health essential oil eucalyptus is a fairly effective means to combat colds, skin diseases, as well as for cosmetic purposes. Aromatherapy At home also applies this oil as it has a very pleasant odor. Our women's magazine today will consider the most popular recipes with the use of this oil for beauty of hair, face, skin, and also for health. Eucalyptus oil is a transparent moving liquid, usually colorless or slightly colored yellowish. Eucalyptus oil has a sharp characteristic smell, it is the smell of eucalyptus resin.
Long eucalyptus was widely used in the treatment of wounds and various diseases, including infectious. Eucalyptus oil was used in cooking as a seasoning for different dishes.
Oil from eucalyptus is widely used in our days, it has a very wide range of action-it is analgesic, and Protihglistnoe, and antiseptic. Eucalyptus essential oil is used in the treatment of fever, colds and respiratory Diseases. It helps in the treatment of skin diseases, heals ulcers and burns.
Aroma of Eucalyptus as an aromatherapy allows you to recover from stress and different diseases, significantly increases the concentration of attention, reveals the internal reserves of the human body. During the spread of influenza and respiratory infections, it is possible to use Eucalyptus essential oil in various premises for the purpose of disinfection of air, for this purpose the spraying of oil is used due to its ethereal properties. Especially significant is the treatment of air in the room where the sick person. Special aroma lamps are well suited for oil spraying in the room. It is possible to use the old home way-to add drops of oil in a ware with hot water and to put it on a battery that more actively there was a evaporation of water.
with muscular pains and rheumatism is used rubbing with essential oil, it is possible in combination with massage. For this purpose a few drops of eucalyptus oil should be mixed with sunflower, sesame or other vegetable oil. Eucalyptus essential Oil Enriches the body with oxygen, improves human respiration. HU9 * HU9
I have colds and respiratory diseases, cough and Runny nose used inhalation with eucalyptus oil. They can be easily done at home, for this in 200 grams of hot water you need to drip three or four drops of eucalyptus oil and breathe steam for five to ten minutes. If possible, you can use a special inhaler, which will significantly increase the effectiveness of this procedure. During mild colds are used baths with eucalyptus oil-a bath of warm water to drip five or seven drops of oil. Eucalyptus essential oil also helps when using it to rinse the mouth and throat. Such rinsing disinfect, relieve inflammation during angina, colds and gum diseases. Massage oil for throat diseases is prepared according to the following recipe: 2 tsp honey, 1 drop of Eucalyptus, 1 drop of oregano, a pair of drops of pine oil and oregano. Eucalyptus essential oil is used to enrich the cream for the purpose of further medical use. The basis can be any cream, you can buy in the pharmacy special transport oil. For the treatment of oily skin with open pores you need 10 grams of base oil to add 2 drops of lemon juice, a pair of drops of eucalyptus oil, 1 drop of peppermint oil and 1 drop of Neroli. Mix the ingredients thoroughly and rub the resulting mass into the skin. In 15 minutes it is necessary to wash away the rests of a weight from a skin simple warm water without soap. The skin mask, prone to prone, is done as follows: takes 10 ml of oil on the basis of sprouted seeds, 1 drop of juniper Oil, geranium, eucalyptus and a couple of drops of chamomile oil. If you add 5 drops of oil in 100 ml of conventional shampoo, it will be an excellent tool to fight dandruff.
Essential Oil Eucalyptus is also used in the treatment of acne, to take baths against fatigue, to strengthen hair and fight dandruff. Eucalyptus oil is a valuable natural gift, its diverse properties help in the treatment of many diseases, Allow the use of oil at home and achieve the desired results....

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Health

School off-road driving.

Lesson 6 – Caravan, navigation, trailer. We continue the series of articles on the program "School of Off-road driving". The second lesson is devoted to studying how to prepare for expeditions and travels. We will explain the methods of movement in the column (caravan), what are the requirements for the machines taking part in the run, touch the issues of communication and navigation. In addition, we will tell about the peculiarities of towing the trailer and touch on other points that will be useful in travel. The training program included new exercises, and the existing ones became more interesting. The list of obstacles has expanded. The renewed track of the second level, which has become more and more popular, makes it possible to consolidate the skills acquired at the first level of training. Plus, there is a real opportunity to increase the experience and knowledge, studying and mastering in practice the techniques and principles of driving the car off-road. In some places the track is difficult, so only SUVs with electric winches are allowed on it. Classes require participants to have an excellent reaction, determination, perseverance and, of course, physical training, because they are designed for the whole day! An example is a mountain trail of 3 km long. After all, before you pass, you need to inspect every obstacle! In addition to the updated track of the second level, new courses have been developed-the skills of using satellite navigation and electric winches. If you intend to go on a trip, then be sure to sign up for them, because without these skills travel may not be as pleasant as you would like. Remember-moving from the asphalt, you find yourself in a foreign territory, which can melt the danger. It is important to know and abide by the following rules:-If wild animals do not threaten your life, they are inviolable; -The advantage is always for the animals (regardless of whether they are wild or domestic); -it is necessary to travel taking into account cycles of nature; -In no case it is necessary to travel on agricultural grounds, only on the specially allocated track; -Always be polite to the locals. Do not destroy or damage anything; -If possible, use a protective guard, so as not to harm the trees and fasten it as low as possible; -Do not leave any traces behind; -No Do not leave trash (take a place in the trunk for packages); -Firewood for a fire it is necessary to prepare so much that enough and is not left superfluous; -Do not make noise; -It is impossible to rest on the territory of reserves, sanctuaries, where special permission is necessary, and also to lay the route through these territories; -carefully handle the weapon; -Be doubly cautious and attentive when travelling with children and pets; -Do not forget to check the condition of your car (is there any breakage, leakage). Before planning your trip, think about the dangers that can endanger the health of each of your travel agents. In the car must be a first aid kit, and proven and supplemented by essential drugs, as the standard set of drugs, often necessary to save life in the conditions of travel or expedition. An example is a serum that helps neutralize snake venom and anti-shock drugs. Of course, the best option would be if you contact a specialist for advice. The local department of MES is suitable for this purpose. Drugs can be bought at a pharmacy or specialty stores. Recall that if you or the participants of your expedition take important medicines, do not forget to take them with you, and best of all, put them in the first aid kit. An important responsibility of the head of travel or expedition is about what diseases each participant has suffered. This will allow to foresee all possible force majeure, as well as more "effectively" to assemble the first aid kit. It is necessary to take into consideration this question with all responsibility, as during the period of travel it is possible aggravation of diseases which in usual conditions (at home) for a long time did not disturb the participant. But, incidentally, it happens and vice versa, when a person at the time of travel forgets about all their ailments. The first are allergic diseases (eczema, bronchial asthma, conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, urticaria, etc.), cardiovascular diseases (arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, atherosclerosis and so on), kidney disease and urinary tract System (prostatitis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, kidney stone disease), cholelithiasis, as well as ulcers, gastritis and other diseases. It is also necessary to find out whether you and other participants have contra-indications to participate in such campaigns, travels and expeditions....

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